リサーチユニット総覧(Research Unit Magazine)

デジタル時代に人文学が 社会にもたらすサービスとは
デジタル・ヒューマニティーズリサーチユニットServices provided by humanity studies for society in the digital era

代表者 : 和氣 愛仁    中核研究者 : 宇陀 則彦  
他のメンバー : 三宅 裕  時井 真紀  小野 基  松村 敦  石田 尊  池田 潤  池内 淳  綿抜 豊昭  矢澤 真人  鈴木 伸崇  




07waki01 人文学研究は、従来文献資料などを主な研究対象とし、その成果を発表する方法もほとんどの場合、書籍の出版など紙媒体による一方向のアウトプットに限られていました。しかし、近年の情報技術の発展により、デジタルアーカイブ化された資料がネットワークを通じて共有されるようになり、それが人文学研究の手法に大きな変化をもたらしました。デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ(人文情報学)は、デジタル時代における人文学の価値の再創造を模索すべく、活発な活動を展開しています。







図2:上記システムから出力したTEI 形式XML ファイル





  • 情報処理学会「第99 回人文科学とコンピュータ研究会」における筑波大学デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ研究セッションおよびパネルディスカッション開催 ( 2013年8月3日・筑波大学)
  • ワークショップ「デジタル・ヒューマニティーズと人文科学の再接続」開催 ( 2013年11月9日・筑波大学)
  • 日本デジタル・ヒューマニティーズ学会国際カンファレンス JADH2014 開催 ( 2014年9月19~21日・筑波大学)
  • スーパーグローバル大学創成支援採択事業キックオフ・ワークショップ  “Digital Humanities Worldwide” 開催(2015 年2 月15 日・筑波大学)
  • WDB: General-purpose Platform for Database System of Annotated Images  (https://wdb.jinsha.tsukuba.ac.jp)


Services provided by humanity studies for society in the digital era

Unit name:Digital Humanities

Keywords: digital humanities, digital archive, meta-data, structured knowledge


07waki01 In the past, research subjects of humanity studies were primarily documents, and presentations of research results were only limited to the one-directional output: paper media including the publication of books. In recent years, however, digitally archived documents have been shared through the Internet due to the advancement of information technology, which has brought significant changes to methods for conducting humanity studies. Our research unit: Digital Humanities, implements various activities to recreate the values of humanity studies in the digital era.


What was brought to humanity studies by digital technology?

Figure 1: An image database system of hieratics used in Ancient Egyptian established by the unit representative. The system allows its users to search images for linguistic information.

Documents and materials that are stored and strictly managed in museums and would not have been available to the public can be now accessed from anywhere in the world through the Internet in the form of high-resolution images due to the advancement of digital technology and networks. Although research information used to be shared within each research field in the past, it is currently output in various forms, including open access to academic information and internet blogs written by researchers, and available to researchers involved in different research fields and the public.

For example, researchers in archaeology, religion, and literature with an interest in an image of papyrus, who would have had no opportunity to discuss it with each other, may now encounter each other, and their exchanges of diversified opinions may lead to new discoveries. In addition to the necessity of improving technical skills required for sharing documents, such as the development of methods for efficient information acquisition, it has become increasingly important to unify many different research methods and assessment standards specific to each academic field, and conduct further research to address a variety of issues, including “What is humanity research’s contribution to society?”

Figure 2: An XML file in TEI format output by the above-mentioned system


Discussion of the future achieved by humanity studies in the digital era

The research unit consists of researchers specializing in humanity studies, such as religious studies and linguistics, and library information science, and the members conduct research in both their specialties and “Digital Humanities”. Whereas researchers in humanity studies delve deeply into each document, library information science focuses on the characteristics and conditions of a set of documents as a whole. In this sense, the two academic disciplines are contrasting, although both of them involve documents. However, library information science, which is searching for new approaches to information while shifting conventional paper media to digitalized documents, is faced with the same problem as that of human studies. As areas covered by digital humanities are currently broadening, this is a good opportunity for the members of the unit to take their unique approaches.


Social contributions and achievements
  • “The University of Tsukuba Digital Humanities Research Session and Panel Discussion” held in the “99th IPSJ SIG Computers and the Humanities” of the Information Processing Society of Japan (August 3rd, 2013, University of Tsukuba)
  • Workshop “Reconnection between digital humanities and humanity science” (November 9, 2013, University of Tsukuba)
  • Japanese Association for Digital Humanities Conference 2014 (JADH2014) (September 19 to 21, 2014, University of Tsukuba)
  • “Digital Humanities Worldwide”, the Kickoff Workshop of the Top Global University Project 2(February 15, 2015, University of Tsukuba)
  • WDB: General-purpose Platform for Database System of Annotated Images (https://wdb.jinsha.tsukuba.ac.jp)

Interviewed on July 1, 2015